Winter has arrived early in Vermont, and the snow, cold and winds present particular challenges for Vermont farmers.

The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets has compiled a list of reminders and resources for people involved in farming and working lands.

• Be prepared for power outages. A backup generator with enough fuel to run for extended periods is highly recommended.

• If it is safe to do so, shovel the snow off barn and house roofs, or contact a professional to do it. The weight of ice and rain-soaked snow can lead to a roof collapse.

• Apply sand or gravel to walkways used by workers or livestock.

• Charge cellphones and cameras. Keep flashlights, with batteries, handy.

• Pump and store adequate supplies of drinking water for humans and animals in case of power outages. For a list of Vermont water haulers:

• Be prepared for delays on the road, including obstructed roadways, which may delay deliveries from suppliers.

• If milk trucks can’t get to farms, dairy farmers may run out of room to store milk, and should have a plan for disposing of it at a suitable location. Make sure to record the volume of milk.

• Be prepared to be self-sufficient for up to a week, with enough feed and water for livestock or moving them to a safer location, if necessary.

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